Vietnam: World Journey Weblog Episode 44
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Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam (Vietnamese)
Flag of Vietnam
Emblem of Vietnam
Motto: Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc
“Independence – Freedom – Happiness”
Anthem: Tiến Quân Ca[a]
(English: “Military March”)
Location of Vietnam (inexperienced)in ASEAN (darkish gray) – [Legend]
Location of Vietnam (inexperienced)
in ASEAN (darkish gray) – [Legend]

Capital Hanoi
21°2′N 105°51′E
Largest metropolis Ho Chi Minh Metropolis
Official language
and nationwide language Vietnamese
Ethnic teams
85.7% Vietnamese[b]
53 minorities[show]
73.2% People or Irreligious
12.2% Buddhism
8.3% Christianity
4.8% Caodaism
1.4% Hoahaoism
0.1% Different religions[2]
Demonym Vietnamese
Authorities Unitary Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist republic
• Celebration Common Secretary
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
• President
Trần Đại Quang
• Prime Minister
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
• Chairwoman of Nationwide Meeting
Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân
• Vice President
Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
Legislature Nationwide Meeting
• Independence from France
2 September 1945
• Geneva Accords
21 July 1954
• Reunification
2 July 1976[3]
• Present structure
28 November 2013[c]
• Complete
331,230.8[4] km2 (127,888.9 sq mi) (sixty fifth)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
94,569,072[6] (14th)
• Density
276.03/km2 (714.9/sq mi) (forty sixth)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Complete
$705.774 billion[7] (thirty fifth)
• Per capita
$7,463[7] (128th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Complete
$240.779 billion[7] (forty seventh)
• Per capita
$2,546[7] (129th)
Gini (2014) 37.6[8]
HDI (2015) Improve 0.683[9]
medium · one hundred and fifteenth
Foreign money đồng (₫) (VND)
Time zone Indochina Normal Time (UTC+7)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the best
Calling code +84
ISO 3166 code VN
Web TLD .vn
Vietnam (UK: /ˌvjɛtˈnæm, -ˈnɑːm/, US: /ˌviːətˈnɑːm, -ˈnæm/ (About this sound pay attention);[10] Vietnamese: Việt Nam pronounced [vîət nāːm] (About this sound pay attention)), formally the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost nation on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016, it’s the world’s 14th-most-populous nation, and the ninth-most-populous Asian nation. Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, Thailand throughout the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest, and the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia throughout the South China Sea to the east and southeast.[d] Its capital metropolis has been Hanoi because the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, with Ho Chi Minh Metropolis as probably the most populous metropolis.

The northern a part of Vietnam was a part of Imperial China for over a millennium, from 111 BC to AD 939. An unbiased Vietnamese state was shaped in 939, following a Vietnamese victory within the Battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive Vietnamese imperial dynasties flourished because the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, till the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French within the mid-Nineteenth century.

Following a Japanese occupation within the Forties, the Vietnamese fought French rule within the First Indochina Warfare. On 2 September 1945 President Hồ Chí Minh declared Vietnam’s independence from France underneath the brand new title of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In 1954, the Vietnamese declared victory within the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, which passed off between March and Might 1954 and culminated in a serious French defeat. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North Vietnam (formally the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and South Vietnam (formally the Republic of Vietnam). Battle between the 2 sides intensified in what is named the Vietnam Warfare, with heavy intervention by the USA on the facet of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1973. The warfare ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.

Vietnam was then unified underneath a Communist authorities however remained impoverished and politically remoted. In 1986, the Communist Celebration of Vietnam initiated a sequence of financial and political reforms that started Vietnam’s path towards integration into the world financial system.[12] By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with all nations. Since 2000, Vietnam’s financial development fee has been among the many highest on the planet,[12] and, in 2011, it had the very best World Progress Turbines Index amongst 11 main economies.[13] Its profitable financial reforms resulted in its becoming a member of the World Commerce Group in 2007. It’s also a member of the Asia-Pacific Financial Cooperation and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.